Labour management in construction is a very aspect that every contractor, construction manager or supervisor needs to fully comprehend. It a very important technique applied by managers in the management of the construction project. A good management project in construction needs to pursue vigorously the efficient labour utilization. Proper labour management promises an availability of labour that is efficient to undertake all construction works and complete on time with no delays of work. Thus cost and time lose will be reduced.
Labour Management in Construction
The following are some of the main factors that affect labour management in construction:
1. Labour Productivity
Labour productivity here refers to the amounts of services and goods that a worker produces. For instance, surface finishing, plastering, pouring concrete or bricklaying. Good performing labour normally leads to high productivity. Good performing labour also is a result of proper time and material management. The two elements to look at here is the productivity at the job site and in the construction industry.
Job-Site Productivity: The factors that affect job-site productivity are non-productive activities, project work conditions and labour characteristics.
Non-Productive Activities: The non-productive activities related to a project need to established also in order to determine the productive labour yield. Productive labour yield is the ratio of the direct labour hours dedicated to the completion of the construction project to the potential labour hours. These activities include strikes, non-working days like holidays, absentee time including early quits and late starts, time-off for union operations, temporary stoppage of work as a result of material shortage or inclement weather, the time correcting undesired work and indirect labour needed to have the progress of the project maintained.
Project Work Conditions: Project work conditions involve local climate local cultural characteristics, contractual agreement, equipment utilization, labour availability, job site accessibility and job complexity and size. Also, a set of specific conditions can be utilized to make an estimation of the labour productivity for each construction and craft type.
Labour Characteristics: What is looked at here include the motivation, leadership, experience, skills and the age of the workforce. DataStreet says the performance analysis tool is used to assess the contribution and the quality of the workers. In this analysis, several factors are evaluated including:
- Work Quality
- This is the caliber of work accomplished or produced.
- Work Quantity
- Refers to the volume of work acceptable.
- Job Knowledge
- Manifested knowledge of skills, techniques, methods and requirements involved performing the job and in applying them to raise productivity.
- Associated Work Knowledge
- This is the knowledge of the influence of work upon other fields and knowledge of associated areas that influence the assigned work.
- Soundness of decisions,actions and conclusions.
- This refers to the ability to take an effective activity without being instructed to.
- Utilization of Resources
- Ability to determine the needs of a project, locate, plan and use efficiently all available resources.
- This is the reliability in taking up and carrying out obligations and commitments.
2. Labour Relations in Construction
Out there, there are union construction organizations. In an attempt to navigate through the unstable economic environment, construction workers have joined labour organisations. These organisations or unions make workers secure because they help limit the effects of ever-varying economic conditions.
Labour management in construction is very key in every construction project. Therefore, it is very imperative that we make decisions to strive for success. The information above will help you in your upcoming construction endeavour.